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Sleep Disorders Center

Call 606-678-3414

Understanding Sleep Disorders 

The Sleep Disorders Center offers a full range of services to provide care for:

  • Insomnia: Insomnia is a symptom. It may be caused by a variety of physiological, psychological and environmental factors. Among these are "restless legs" syndrome, nocturnal myoclonus, sleep apnea and gastrointestinal disease. Anxiety and stress, either situational or chronic, are also frequently implicated. The use of depressants, stimulants, shift work, time zone changes or general discomfort may also be causative.
  • Parasomnias: Parasomnias (events around sleep) are common in children but are also seen in adults. These disorders are related to partial wakening from slow wave sleep. Included in this category are: somnabulism (sleep walking), enuresis (bed wetting), night terror, bruxism and head banging.
  • Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS): This can range in severity from drowsiness during quiet situations to drastic impairment of daytime functioning, often leading to work or driving accidents. Reduced alertness may be temporary such as in severe respiratory allergy or prolonged when due to sleep apnea and narcolepsy. Other underlying medical conditions such as encephalitis, drug abuse or metabolic disease may be causative.
  • Snoring: Loud snoring may be both socially disabling and a symptom of serious sleep apnea. In sleep apnea, patients stop breathing during sleep as often as several hundred times each night. Undiagnosed, sleep apnea may lead to high blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances and daytime somnolence.
  • Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is not as uncommon as previously believed and often difficult to diagnose. Besides having an irresistible urge to sleep, narcoleptics often suffer from one or more of the following symptoms: Sleep paralysis, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucination. Narcolepsy can be objectively diagnosed at the sleep center, with daytime as well as nighttime testing to document REM at sleep onset (SOREM) which characterizes the sleep of narcoleptics.